India being part of the world’s oldest civilizations is a land of rich history, countless beliefs, traditions and legends surrounding the religions. India takes pride in the country’s rich cultural and religious history as it is the birth land of the traditions of Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism and Sikhism. India is a land where people of different religious beliefs live in harmony and brotherhood. Hinduism is believed to be the world’s oldest religion. Unlike other religions, Hinduism does not have a founder but is instead a fusion of religions. Various ancient manuscripts and scholars describe the religion as a traditional way of living, a religion whose beginning and ending cannot be traced.
- Badrinath Temple, Badrinath
- Jagannath Temple,PURI
- Dwarka, Gujarat
- Rameshwaram,Tamil nadu
1. Badrinath Temple, Badrinath
Badrinath or Badrinarayan Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Vishnu which is situated in the town of Badrinath in Uttarakhand, India. God set them up to be universal laws of nature. These laws work in all things. The temple and town form one of the four Char Dham and Chota Char Dham pilgrimage sites. The temple is also one of the 108 Divya Desams dedicated to Vishnu, who is expression of reverence as Badrinath holy shrines or a sacred person for Vaishnavites. It is open for six months every year (between the end of April and the beginning of November), because of extreme weather conditions in the Himalayan region. The temple is located in Garhwal hill tracks in Chamoli district along the banks of Alaknanda River at an elevation of 3,133 m (10,279 ft) above the mean sea level. It is one of the most visited pilgrimage centers of India, having recorded 1,060,000 visits.
Such as goddess saraswati is presiding deity of knowledge. goddess lakshmi is presiding deity praise in the temple is a 1 ft .The sculpture of Vishnu in the form of Badrinarayan. The deity is considered by many Hindus to be one of eight swayam vyakta kshetras, or self-attraction of Vishnu .A deity or god is a supernatural being considered divine or sacred.Defines deity as "a god or goddess.
The temple is mentioned in ancient religious texts like Vishnu Purana and Skanda Purana. It is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, an early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th–9th centuries AD.
Mata Murti Ka Mela, which memorialize the descent of river Ganges on mother earth, is the most important festival celebrated in the Badrinath Temple. Although Badrinath is located in North India, the head priest, or Rawal, is traditionally a Nambudiri Brahmin chosen from the South Indian state of Kerala. The temple was included in the Uttar Pradesh state government,which later came to be known as Shri Badarinath and Shri Kedarnath Mandir Act.
2. Jagannath Temple,Puri
The Puri Jagannath Temple is huge! It is spread over 4 lakh square feet and is surrounded by a high fortified wall. It contains 120 temples and shrines. Due to its sculptural richness, it is one of the most magnificent monuments of India. It has four main sections – the actual garbha griha where the idols are kept, the Mukhathala or front section, the Natya Mandap or performance area and the Bhoga mandap or food serving area. The main dome is 214 feet high and is crowned with a metal Srichakra or Sudarshan chakra. Just looking at this amazing place and remembering that it was built 1000 years ago will make your heart proud of your culture and history.
The Shri Jagannath Temple is an important Hindu temple dedicated to lord Jagannath, a form of Vishnu, in Puri in the state of Odisha on the eastern coast of India. The Puri temple is famous for its annual Ratha yatra, or hindu festival in which the three principal deities are pulled on huge and elaborately decorated temple cars(ratha).The temple is sacred to all Hindus and especially in those of the Vaishnava traditions. Many great Vaishnava saints, such as Ramanujacharya, Madhvacharya, Nimbarkacharya, Vallabhacharya and Ramananda were closely associated with the ramanuj.
The temple is built in a very scientific way shadow falls in such a way that it is not visible to others. The shadow which falls on the dome is hidden by the structural built of the temple.Apart from all these facts, Jagannath Temple in Puri is also known for some mysteries that define any scientific explanation. People believe these mysteries are actually blessings of Lord Jagannath. You need to visit this place to believe it.The Jagannath temple has four doors, and Simhadwaram is the main door of entrance to the temple. While you enter through Simhadwaram, you can clearly hear the sound of waves, but once you passed the Simhadwaram, simply take a turn and walk back in the same direction, you will no longer hear the sound of waves. In fact, you will not hear the sound of waves as long as you are inside the temple.
It is also believed that when the Pandavas started their journey to Yamraj, Saptarishis advised them to visit the ‘Char Dham’ to get closer to ‘moksha.’ And, Jagannath Temple in Puri is one of holy places of ‘Char Dham.’ Since then, Jagannath idol has always remained limits for devotees, and people can see him only for a particular period of time.
It is one of the Char Dham.establishment of the Emar Mutt near the temple and Adi Shankaracharya established the Govardhana Mutt, which is the seat of one of the four Shankaracharyas. It is also of particular significance to the followers of the Gaudiya Vaishnavism whose founder Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, was attracted to the deity, Jagannath, and lived in Puri for many years.
Dwarkadheesh or Dwarka is an ancient city in the northwestern Indian state of Gujarat .The Dwarkadhish temple, also known as the Jagat Mandir and occasionally spelled Dwarakadheesh,and written as Dwarkadhish is a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Krishna, who is praised here by the name Dwarkadhish, or 'King of Dwarka'. It's known as a Hindu pilgrimage site. The ancient Dwarkadhish Temple has an collaborate main shrine, a carved entrance and a black-marble idol of Lord Krishna.
Dwarka City is ancient and obviously full of stories. Wherever you go, you will find stories talking to each other. As a traveler, there is so much to see in this temple town on the banks of the Gomti River.The history of Dwarka predates even the Mahabharata era. It has been a continuously inhabited place for the longest known time. Imagine the layers you can discover as you walk around this Dwarka City – best known for temple tourism.
The 52-yard flag of Dwarkadhish temple is changed 5 times a day – thrice in the morning and twice in the evening. It is a spectacle to watch. The family sponsoring the flag brings the flag in a ceremonial procession – singing and dancing. Rukmini is the currently holding the throne queen of Dwarka and Dwarkadhish. Your visit to the city is not complete till you visit her too. One bank of Gomti is full of temples and ghats, the other is a sandy patch with a small beach next to it. You can ride a camel on either side of the Gomti.There are two small temples dedicated to Laxmi Narayan and Ambaji. Laxmi Narayan temple has an old Gufa and a marker saying the footprints of Pandavas or Pandav Charan. There are also the footprints of the 5 Rishis who brought the 5 rivers here.
The mythological city of Dwarka in Gujarat is a delight for any traveler. Lord Krishna’s adobe, the capital city is a heaven for pilgrims, but equally fascinating for storytellers and adventurers alike.Dwarka are an interesting mix of experiences: roads that lead to Krishna, ancient islands once home to lost cities, rock-strewn paths winding their way to captivating beaches, narrow lanes crisscrossing colorful markets, several lakes, and the stunning Gujarat coastline, among many others.
Dwarka, set along the banks of the Gomti river, is one of the four sacred cities or ‘Char Dham’ in Hindu mythology. Ancient Hindu texts speak of Dwarka as the epicenter of a displaying an intense battle between Krishna and the evil king, Salva. A battle so devastating it resulted in the complete destroying of the city, most of which was claimed by the sea. Fascinating remains of this ancient city were discovered underwater by marine archaeological expenditures. What used to be myth suddenly transformed into reality further adding to Dwarka’s mysterious and appeal.
Whether you’re a devoted pilgrim, archaeology excitement, nature lover, or story-seeker, here are some of the best places to visit in Dwarka. The modern city of Dwarka, which in Sanskrit means 'Gateway to heaven', is located north-west of the state. Marine scientists say archaeological remains discovered 36 m (120 ft) underwater in the Gulf of Cambay off the western coast of India could be over 9,000 years old.
Rameswaram or Ramanathaswamy Temple (Irāmanātasvāmi Kōyil) is a Hindu temple dedicated to the god Shiva located on Rameswaram island in the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It is also one of the twelve Jyotirlinga temples. Rameswaram (also spelt as Rameshvaram, Rameshwaram) is a city and municipality in the Ramanathapuram district of the Indian State of Tamil Nadu. It is on Pamban Island separated from mainland India by the Pamban channel and is about 40 kilometres from Mannar Island, Sri Lanka. It is in the Gulf of Mannar, at the tip of the Indian peninsula. Pamban Island, also known as Rameswaram Island, is connected to mainland India by the Pamban Bridge. Rameswaram is the terminus of the railway line from Chennai and Madurai. Together with Varanasi, it is considered to be one of the holiest places in India to Hindus, and part of the Char Dham pilgrimage.
Rameshwaram is one of the holiest shrines for Hindus. The populous Ramanathaswamy Temple is located here.The town has the 64 Holy Tirthas, of which 24 are important according to Skanda Purana.The town covers an area of 53 km2. This town is the birthplace of the 11th president of India, Dr.A.P.J.Abdul Kalam.
The temple is located in Rameswaram considered a holy pilgrimage site for Shaivites, Vaishnavites and Smarthas. The presiding deity, the Lingam of Ramanathaswamy (Shiva), was established and worshiped by Rama before crossing his bridge to Lanka.According to the Ramayana, Ram, who is the seventh avatar of the god Vishnu, prayed to the god Shiva to absolve him of the sin committed during his war against the king Ravana in Sri Lanka. Rama wanted to have a large lingam to praise Shiva. He directed Hanuman, the lieutenant (as a caption) in his army, to bring a lingam from the Himalayas. When Hanuman was delayed in bringing the lingam, rama built a small lingam out of the sand available in the seashore, which is believed to be the lingam in the sacred place Ramanathaswamy Temple is also remarkable because it has two lingams (symbols of Lord Shiva). One was brought from the Himalayas by Lord Hanuman upon Ram's request, and the other was created out of sand by Sita when the arrival of that lingam was delayed.
The temple was built by various rulers from the 12th century onward. Those who aren't Hindu will be most interested in its magnificent hall of more than 1,200 carved sandstone pillars, which forms the outer corridor. The ceiling is covered in colorful (kamal) lotus art. Unfortunately, photography is no longer allowed due to increased security. All electronic devices, including cell phones and cameras, must be left at the storage counter before entering the temple. The temple is open from 5 a.m. to 1 p.m., and 3 p.m. to 9 p.m. Ideally, Hindus who are on a pilgrimage should get an early start. Mahashivratri, in February or March, is one of the this temple's biggest festivals.
Rameshwaram is also a popular pilgrimage destination. The town has special significance to Hindus as one of the holy Char Dham. The four sacred residence associated with incarnations of Lord Vishnu.... Hindus believe that visiting all the Char Dham will help them achieve moksha (liberation from rebirth).