Checking blood sugar levels from time to time include fasting and eating is necessary for diabetes management. As it helps a person (men or women) with diabetes to keep their blood glucose levels within a normal range.
In an autoimmune condition like diabetes, people can have low and high blood sugar levels.
For keeping blood glucose levels within the normal range, a person has to have knowledge about the blood sugar levels chart and why it is important for diabetic patients to keep their blood sugar levels within the normal ranges. How the high or low sugar levels impact health.
Blood sugar levels chart - Includes fasting and after eating
Also known as blood glucose levels which are measured while fasting and after eating some food. Blood sugar test can be done at the lab or you can do it by yourself at home too.
- Usually, fasting blood sugar levels are measured after at least 8 hours of fasting.
- After meals, blood sugar levels are measured 2 hours after eating some food.
Normal blood sugar levels
Healthy adult male or female
- Fasting - between higher than 70 mg/dL to lower than 100 mg/dL.
- Post meal - 2 hours after eating 90 mg/dL to 100 mg/dL.
Healthy children and teens
6 year old
- Fasting - Levels between 80 mg/dL to 180 mg/dL are considered safe blood sugar levels in kids.
- Post meal - 180 mg/dL blood sugar levels is safe in such kids, anything above that should be consulted by the doctor.
6 to 12 years
- Fasting - Blood sugar levels between 80 mg/dL to 180 mg/dL are safe in healthy children and teens.
- Post meal - Levels up to 140 mg/dL are safe and anything above should require medical attention.
13 to 19 years
- Fasting - levels between 70 mg/dL to 150 mg/dL are safe blood sugar levels.
- Post meal - 140 mg/dL is safe considered in diabetic people.
20 + years age
- Fasting - 70 mg/dL to 100 mg/dL are normal in people after 8 hour fasting.
- Post meal - Less than 180 mg/dL is usually seen after 1 to 2 hours of having food that is considered safe.
- Fasting - 70 to 89 mg/dL blood sugar levels are safe for women who conceive.
- Post meal - below 120 mg/dL are considered safe for pregnant women
Anything above normal blood glucose levels is considered prediabetes or diabetes. People having sugar levels higher or lower should take the doctor’s consultation.
High blood sugar levels
- In an adult male or female, levels above 250 mg/dL indicate that person requires emergency medical intervention.
- Blood sugar levels between 180 to 250 mg/dL show that a person needs medical attention, not an emergency one.
- When it comes to children and teen diabetic levels mentioned above are considered safe. Anything above that should be consulted by the doctor.
- Pregnant women with diabetes should keep an eye on their blood sugar levels. Also, they took treatment plans from the doctors to manage their gestational diabetes.
Low blood sugar levels
- In an adult male or female, levels below 70 mg/dL indicate that person requires emergency medical intervention.
- Blood sugar levels between 71 mg/dL to 90 mg/dL reflect that person needs medical consultation.
- While children till age 12 having blood sugar levels less than 80 mg/dL requires medical attention.
- Teens age between 13 to 19 having blood sugar levels less than 70 mg/dL need to talk to the doctor.
What are the symptoms of diabetes in the following -
Symptoms of diabetes in Children and teens
- Unexplained weight loss
- Blurry skin
- Frequent urination
- Increase thirst
- Bed wetting in trained kids
- Extreme hunger
Symptoms of High blood sugar levels
- Stomach ache
- Dry mouth
- Increase thirst
- Frequent urination
- Bad breath
Symptoms of Low blood sugar levels
- Tingling and numbness in hand and feet
Factors that negatively impacts blood glucose levels
- Foods and Drinks - Junk, sugary, high carb, high calorie, etc.
- Age - People above 45 are more prone to have diabetes.
- Alcohol - affect blood sugar levels rapidly. It is also known to cause dehydration.
- Stress - It is a common factor in many diseases.
- Pre existing conditions - Diabetes, liver diseases, hypoglycemia, etc.
- Medications - Some medications have side effects or people taking too much insulin or oral diabetes medications can face low sugar levels.
- Lack of sleep - Not taking enough sleep or rest also affects blood sugar levels. It is important to have good sleep.
- Other health conditions - Kidney or liver disease along with some other illnesses are known to affect blood sugar levels in people.
If you have any questions related to blood sugar levels chart includes fasting and after eating, diabetes management, etc. It’s always better to take an opinion from the expert or the doctors.