Kidney stones are a fairly common condition that consists of the formation of solid pieces in said organs due to the accumulation of substances present in the urine. They vary in dimension from the size of a grain of sand to that of a pearl. Although, according to the best urologist in Noida, most kidney stones pass from the body without medical help, they can get stuck in the urinary tract or block the flow of urine resulting in a lot of pain.
Kidney stones are solid pieces of material that form in the kidney due to substances in the urine. It can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a pearl.
Urine contains many dissolved minerals and salts. When urine has high levels of minerals and salts, hard stones can form that, although they start out small, can get larger and larger.
Some stones remain in the kidney and do not cause major problems, others can travel down the ureter (the tube through which urine passes from the kidney to the bladder). When this happens, the stone is expelled with the urine, however, it can also get stuck in the ureter and block the flow, causing a lot of pain.
There are several possible indicators of kidney stones, including:
- Extreme pain in the back or side. Said pain won't go away
- Blood in the urine
- Fever and chills
- Foul-smelling or cloudy-looking urine
- Burning sensation when urinating
The causes of kidney stones are not very well defined. A big risk factor is having a low urine volume, something that can be caused by dehydration. Dehydration can result from fluid loss from exercising hard, spending time in very hot places, or not drinking enough fluids. When the urine volume is low, the urine becomes concentrated and cloudy in color causing less fluid to keep the salts dissolved.
Kidney stones can also be caused by a person's diet, for example a high protein diet can raise acid levels in the body and urine causing calcium oxalate to be high enough to form stones. It is recommended to reduce or avoid the consumption of foods rich in oxalate.
Certain intestinal conditions can also cause the formation of kidney stones, for example diseases that cause diarrhea or some surgeries. Diarrhea in particular can lead to dehydration and reduced urine volumes.
Other possible causes of kidney stones are some types of medication, family history, and some rare hereditary disorders.
In the event of any sign or suspicion of having kidney stones, a specialist should be consulted for proper assessment. Because many early symptoms of kidney stones are similar to those of other conditions, it is necessary to obtain a diagnosis from a urologist in Greater Noida and follow the proper treatment, something that can only be established in consultation but that can range from medications to surgery.
There are many options for kidney stone treatment in Noida that can be used when a patient presents stones in the kidneys or any other part of the urinary tract, from the classic open surgery to a new minimally invasive method, specifically laser surgery for stones.
The procedure consists of the application of anesthesia and later, by means of a filament as thin as an optic fiber (known as a ureteroscope), a camera is inserted through the urethra until the stone is found and the stone can be observed on the screen. fires a continuous stream of lasers across its surface until it breaks into smaller pieces. After this procedure is complete, the ureteroscope is removed. The remaining pieces of the stone pass through the urethra naturally when the patient urinates.
Laser surgery for kidney stones makes open surgery virtually obsolete.
The main benefits of laser stone surgery are the following:
- It allows in most cases to visualize the stone directly and therefore to introduce special instruments such as the holmium laser to break it.
- It passes through the body's natural channels and therefore it is not necessary to make incisions in the skin.
- In many cases it allows to eliminate the calculations in a single session.
Remember that the only person who can assess whether you can undergo minimally invasive surgery is a properly certified specialist urologist in Ghaziabad. Come to our clinic today and schedule a consultation to receive timely and tailored treatment. Get the benefits of efficient, quality and cutting-edge medical services. Dr Shailendra Goel provides each of his patients with personalized attention and treatment, based on international clinical practice guidelines to always guarantee an optimal experience.