Telogen effluvium is the temporary hair loss due to the excessive shedding of resting aftershocks to the system. As a result, new hair continues to grow. Severe telogen effluvium can affect people of all age groups and both genders.
Cause of telogen effluvium
If you are normal and healthy, then 85 percent of the hair follicles in your scalp are actively growing, and about 15 percent are resting hair. For example, a hair follicle grows anagen hair for four years then rests for about four months. After that, a new anagen hair grows under the resting telogen hair and pushes it out.
Therefore, losing up to approximately 100 hairs a day on your comb, brush, and pillow is pretty standard due to the normal scalp hair cycle. The following are some of the triggers that can cause the growth of telogen.
- Surgical operation.
- Psychological stress
- Certain medications
- Severe illness
- Excessive sun exposure
- Physiological neonatal hair loss
- Endocrine disorders
- Discontinuing the contraceptive pill
Signs and Symptoms of Telogen effluvium
The main sign of telogen effluvium is hair loss. Others include:
- Visibility of Bald spots
- Hair shedding off when brushing or washing the hair
- Light grinding of the hair. Especially on top of the head.
Clinical features of severe telogen effluvium
Telogen effluvium is a non-scarring form of hair loss with no clinical or biological evidence of soreness and will affect up to 50 percent of the scalp hair. Hence, hair fall shows that your hair grows again with this kind of hair loss.
Initially, hair comes up through the scalp and pushes out the dead hair; a fine borderline of new hair will be visible along the forehead hairline. In addition, the fall of club hairs is steep, and a general thinning of the scalp hair will be visible.
Still, after several months it reaches the peak, and hair fall begins to lessen, gradually thinning out back to normal over 6 to 9 months in most cases. As the hair fall diminishes, the scalp thickens back up to standard, but recovery may be incomplete in some cases.
Your doctor does telogen effluvium treatment according to what is causing the hair loss. Some treatment options include:
- Doing away with nutritional deficiencies through diet
- Hair replacement using natural ways
- Hormone filling therapy if you are experiencing menopause
- Counseling support to manage stress or anxiety
It would be best to avoid chemical or heat exposure that damages the hair. In addition, minimize using heat styling and heat treatment such as perming the hair.
Telogen effluvium is common, especially after a shock effect on your body. Meanwhile, you do not have to overthink it as things will get better. The signs above will help you understand telogen effluvium. However, if you are unsure about telogen effluvium, you can consult your dermatologist for clarification.