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What is Seborrheic Dermatitis? Check causes and Treatment

Have you ever experienced or seen red rashes, itching, or flaky scales on your skin? If you answered yes, you have Seborrheic dermatitis, which is a type of skin disorder. It's a non-contagious inflammatory skin illness that generally affects the skin's oiliest areas. It may form on the skin of anybody of any age group and can appear everywhere on the body, including the scalp, eyebrows, back, navel, and so on; in newborns, it is known as 'craddle's cap,' while in adults and teenagers, it is known as 'dandruff.'

The next question is whether it will persist for a long time or will fade away like seasons. According to research and surveys, the problem can be treated without the use of any medical therapy, although it may resurface after a period of time. In certain circumstances, therapy is also necessary. It's vital to note that the development of seborrheic dermatitis is in no way indicative of unclean skin. Despite this, there has been no significant skin damage documented as a result of this illness.

Causes:

Let's have a look at the many causes of Seborrheic Dermatitis.

Though physicians and scientists have yet to determine the exact aetiology of this ailment, it is thought to arise as a result of the disorders listed below.

Family history or genetic composition: If you have a family history of psoriasis and acne then there are good chances that you may develop the condition. Even generally it is found that dermatitis runs in families. Some kind of genetic influences like eleven gene mutations or protein deficiencies also lead to its development.

Medical condition: You may be prone to the development of the condition if you are suffering from or have just recovered from any kind of neurological, congenital, psychiatric disorders. Some of such disorders include

○ Depressions

○ Down syndrome

○ Parkinson’s disease.

○ HIV

Skin condition: If you are experiencing a hike in the level of hormone androgen or  skin lipids in your body then it can trigger the development of seborrheic dermatitis. Besides, if the yeast present on our skin known as Malassezia grows in excess on the skin then it supports the development of the condition.

Medication: In case anyone is taking medicines for psychotropic issues then he may develop the condition. The common medicines that lead to its development are buspirone, chlorpromazine, and few more.

Environmental condition: Seborrheic dermatitis are found to develop more during winters in dry environments. This happens as in summer due to the UV radiations of sun, the yeasts developing over the skin causing this disorder are killed and hence, the condition stays in control.

Diagnosis and Treatment:

After knowing the reasons and before learning about the accessible and known treatments for the condition, it's vital to remember that no standard test is required for the disease's diagnosis. This is due to the fact that the illness may be identified by its appearance on the skin. However, if the treatment and the condition do not work together, the dermatologist may request a skin biopsy. This aids in excluding the likelihood of any other illness.

After the condition has been diagnosed, the treatment options are determined based on the severity or requirement of the condition. Let's take a look at some of the most prevalent treatments for the condition.

Light therapy: This is done in order to prevent the development of the causative yeast on the skin. In this therapy, the afflicted region is exposed to UV rays in order to destroy the yeast and treat the condition.

Use of medicated shampoos: Changing your shampoo is the most popular approach to dealing with the issue. Shampoos containing salicylic acid, coal tar, zinc pyrithione, and ketoconazole, for example, may be recommended by your dermatologist. If you use the shampoo as directed, your condition may be addressed; however, you may have to use it for the rest of your life.

Use of topical creams: You can reduce skin irritation by using ointment creams containing corticosteroids. However, this cannot be used to solve the problem over an extended length of time. If a bacterial or fungal infection is discovered, anti-bacterial and anti-fungal compounds can be utilised. You can also use lotions containing coal tar to slow down the process of skin cell death and shedding.

Supplements: Taking supplements with fish oil or aloe vera can help to reduce flare-ups that cause skin inflammation. Furthermore, because fish oil includes omega-3, it gives nutritional advantages as well as aids in the improvement of general immunological and cardiovascular health.

Shampoos with tea tree oil: Tea tree oil is thought to be particularly useful in treating a wide range of skin problems. Tea tree oil's antifungal, antibacterial, and anti-inflammatory properties contribute to this advantage. As a result, utilising shampoos containing tea tree oil can significantly reduce the itching associated with seborrheic dermatitis.

Any of the above-mentioned methods can be used to get rid of dandruff, but if the problem is severe, you should seek medical advice. The method of therapy differs depending on your skin type, the origin of the condition, and other health issues. This illness is usually not life-threatening, although it can be inconvenient and persistent. As a result, you may need to stick to the specified treatment plan for a longer period of time.

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