It is located in Aurangabad, the most powerful fort of medieval India, which is known by the name of Daulatabad Fort. Daulatabad is a 14th century city located 14 kilometers northwest of Aurangabad. Initially the name of this fort was Devagiri, which was built by the Rashtrakuta ruler who built the Kailash cave.
From its construction year (1187-1318) to 1762, this fort saw many rulers. Yadav, Khilji, Tughlaq dynasty ruled this fort. Mohammed bin Tughlaq made his name Daulatabad by making Devagiri his capital. Today Daulatabad's name is described in golden letters in the history of India.
Daulatabad is famous for its formidable hill fort. This fort of 190 meters height is cone shaped. Between the outer wall of the fort and the base of the fort there are three thick rows of walls on which several bastions are built. The ancient Devgiri city was located within this park. The most notable thing about this fort is that it has many underground corridors and many ditches. They are all made by cutting rocks. There is also a dark underground passage in this fort, which is called 'Andheri'. There are deep pits at some places in this route, which were designed to trick the enemy into a deep ditch.
At the entrance of the fort are large iron braces, in which smoke was ignited to stop the invaders outside. Chand Minar, Chini Mahal and Baradari are the main monuments of this fort. The height of the Chand Minar is 63 meters and was built by Alauddin Bahmani Shah in 1435 to commemorate the victory over Dautlabad. This tower is one of the most beautiful creations of Muslim architecture in South India. Just behind the tower is the Jama Masjid. The pillars of this mosque are mainly adjacent to the temple.
Near this is the Chinese palace where Abdul Hasan Tana Shah, the last ruler of Golconda, was imprisoned by Aurangzeb in 1687. There are curved fortifications around it.
According to Jain Pandit Hemadri's statement, Devagiri was founded by Yadav Naresh Bhilamm (I). Yadav Naresh was earlier under the Chalukya kingdom.
Bhilamm made his capital at Devagiri by establishing an independent kingdom in 1187. His grandson, Simhan, almost took over the entire Western Chalukya kingdom. Alauddin Khilji first climbed the fort of Devagiri in 1294. As a result of this defeat, the King of Yadav had to accept the revenue but later when he stopped giving revenue to the Sultan of Delhi, in 1307, 1310 and 1318 Malik Kafur again attacked Devagiri.
In 1327, Mohammed bin Tughlaq made Devagiri his capital and he named it from Devagiri to Daulatabad. During the time of Mughal Emperor Akbar, Devagiri was conquered by the Mughals and was incorporated into the Mughal Empire. Till the death of Aurangzeb in 1707 AD, this fort remained under control of the Mughal rule. Until it came under the occupation of the Nizam of Hyderabad.
What to see near Devagiri
The caves of Ajanta-Ellora are only 16 km from here.
How to reach-
It can be reached by roadways buses plying between Aurangabad and Ellora. Apart from this, you can also reach here easily via taxi.
The nearest airport from here is Aurangabad. The airport can be operated by flights from Mumbai, Delhi, Jaipur and Udaipur.
Aurangabad is easily accessible from Mumbai and other parts of the country. There are two direct trains from Mumbai here. Tapovan Express runs from Mumbai in the morning and delivers to Aurangabad during the day. Apart from this, there is Devgiri Express which runs at night from Mumbai.