Diwali Festival is a religious, festive festival of decorating Rangoli using various colors, lighting and joy, removing darkness, sweets, worship etc., which is celebrated in many places across India as well as outside the country. This is called the queue of lights or the festival of light. It is celebrated mainly by Hindus and Jains all over the world.
It is a Hindu festival of five days (Dhanteras, Narak Chaturdashi, Amavashya, Kartik Sudha Padhami, Yama Dwitiya or Bhai Dooj) that begins on Dhanteras (the first day of the month of Ashwani) and Bhai Dooj (the last day of Kartik month) Is a festival of).
It is very happy to decorate homes by reading lots of lights, lamps, candles, aarti, gift botkar, sweets, greeting cards, sending SMS, making rangoli, playing games, eating sweets, hugging each other and many other activities.
Thursday, November 12, 2023
Dhanteras: Tuesday, 10 November 2023
Narak Chaturdashi : Wednesday, 11 November 2023
When is diwali celebrated
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As per India's official holiday calendar, Diwali in 2023 will be on November 4. According to the Hindu calendar, Diwali is celebrated on the 13th lunar day (also known as the dark fortnight) of the Krishna Paksha in the month of Ashwin. It is traditionally celebrated every year in mid-October or mid-November, 18 days after Dussehra. It is a very important festival of Hindus.
The festival of Diwali comes with lots of happiness every year and is completed on Bhai Dooj from Dhanteras for more than five days. In some places such as in Maharashtra it is completed in six days (starting with Vasu Baras or Gauvasta Dwadashi Occurs and ends with Bhaiya Dooj).
Why is Diwali celebrated
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According to the Hindu epic Ramayana, Lord Rama returned to his kingdom, Ayodhya, after a very long period (14 years) with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana, by slaying the demon king Ravana and conquering his kingdom Lanka well. The people of Ayodhya were very happy with the arrival of their most beloved and kind King Rama, his wife and brother Laxman. Therefore, he celebrated the day of Lord Rama's return by decorating his house and the whole kingdom, made of clay and burning firecrackers.
According to Hindu mythology, there was a great demon king Bali, who wanted to be the master of all the three worlds (earth, sky and earth), had the gift of unlimited powers from Lord Vishnu. There was only poverty in the whole world because the entire wealth of the earth was held by King Bali. Lord Vishnu saved all three worlds (in his Vamana avatar, the 5th avatar) and freed Goddess Lakshmi from his prison to continue the laws of the universe created by God. From then on, the day began to be celebrated as the victory of God over the power of evil and saving the goddess of wealth.
The day before the main Diwali is celebrated as Narak Chaturdashi. A long time ago, there was a demon king (reigned in Pradoshapuram) named Narakasura, who persecuted people and kept 16000 women in his prison. Lord Krishna (the 8th incarnation of Lord Vishnu) had saved the lives of all those women from the custody of Narakasura by killing him. From that day it is celebrated to commemorate the victory of truth over evil power.
According to the great Hindu epic Mahabharata, the Pandavas returned to their kingdom on the new moon of Kartik month after a long period of expulsion (12 years). He was expelled for 12 years after losing in gambling to the Korvas. The people of the kingdom of Pandavas were very happy to come to the kingdom of Pandavas and started celebrating the return of Pandavas by lighting earthen lamps and firecrackers.
New year for gujarati
According to the lunar calendar, Gujaratis also celebrate their new year on the first day of Shukla Paksha in the month of Kartik, the day after Diwali. Most new year holidays are in April, but in Gujarat in Western India, the new year begins right after the Hindu festival of Diwali. Bestu Varas is celebrated in late October or early November.
According to the Hindu calendar, the great Hindu festival celebrates its New Year on Diwali on the last day of the Krishna Paksha of Marwari Ashwin.
The Diwali celebrations are
Dhanteras means money coming to the house on the 13th day of the 2nd half of the lunar month. On this auspicious day, people buy utensils, gold and bring them home as money. It is celebrated to commemorate the birth anniversary of Lord Dhanvantari, which originated during the Samudra Manthan.
Naraka Chaturdashi falls on the 14th day, when Lord Krishna killed the demon Narakasura. It is celebrated as a sign of the victory of good or light over evil's power or darkness. On this day, people wake up early in the morning, and are dressed in new clothes with an aromatic oil and bath. Then they all light a lot of lamps around their houses and make Rangoli outside the house.
Lakshmi Puja This is the main day of Diwali which ends with Lakshmi Puja and Ganesh Puja. After the great puja, they light mud lamps on the streets and houses to welcome the prosperity and well-being of their home.
Yama Dwitiya or Bhai Dooj It is a festival of brothers and sisters symbolizing their love and care for each other. This is the story of Yama behind the importance of celebrating. On this day Yama came to meet his sister Yami and was welcomed by his sister with Aarti and they also ate food together. He also gave a gift to his sister.
How to celebrate diwali
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- Dhantrayodashi or Dhanteras takes place on the thirteenth day from the full moon. This is the first day of the festival of Diwali. "Wealth" means "wealth or Lakshmi" and thirteen means "thirteenth day". It is a day of celebration for Lakshmi, the mother goddess of wealth or wealth.
- On the fourteenth day, there is small Diwali or hell Chaturdashi. Hindus believe that on this day Lord Krishna killed a demon named Narakasura to free the world from fear. Crackers are often left on this day.
- Purnima day is the day of Diwali or Lakshmipuja or Lakshmipujan and this day falls on the Krishna Paksha of Ashwin month. This day is the real and most important day of Diwali.
- If the houses are not already cleaned then cleanliness should be done in the morning itself to welcome Goddess Lakshmi on this day. Gifts and sweets are exchanged on this day to strengthen the bond of love between friends and family. Fireworks are fired after dinner.
- The last day of Diwali is a day of renewal of brother and sister's love, in which sisters apply holy red tilak on their brother's forehead and pray for their long life, while brothers give blessings and love gifts to their sisters.
- Every person does not attend Vasubaras and Bhaobij, a separate holy festival coming on the 13th day before Diwali, and then all of them follow the festival of Diwali.
- Go shopping It is custom to buy utensils and jewelery on the first day of Diwali i.e. on Dhanteras.
- Clean the house and business place thoroughly before Dhanteras on the first day of Diwali: Wash clothes, clean all rooms and complete the books or accounts of both your home and business place.
- Design and decorate the main door of your home or business site with a traditional design rangoli design: This includes bells, flower garlands, clocks, mirrors, LED lights etc.
- Try to make different types of Rangoli readymade wooden Rangoli are available in the market.
- In the evening, light small oil lamps and keep them around your house. Light all the lights and light some candles. Lamps are symbols of wisdom or inner light that give inner peace and give power to fight against any sign of neglect and darkness.