Urticaria, commonly known as hives, is a skin condition characterized by the sudden appearance of raised, red, and itchy welts or wheals on the skin. These welts can vary in size and shape and may be surrounded by an area of redness. Urticaria is often caused by an allergic reaction but can also be triggered by other factors.
Symptoms of Urticaria
Urticaria, commonly known as hives, is characterized by the sudden appearance of red, raised welts on the skin that are typically itchy. The symptoms of urticaria can vary in intensity and duration. Here are the common symptoms associated with urticaria:
- Raised Welts (Hives): The primary symptom is the development of raised, red or pink welts on the skin. These welts can vary in size and shape and may be surrounded by an area of redness.
- Itching (Pruritus): The affected areas are often intensely itchy. Itching is a common and sometimes distressing symptom of urticaria.
- Variable Appearance: The welts may appear and disappear rapidly, often within a few hours. New welts may continue to emerge while others are resolving. The variable appearance of the welts is a characteristic feature of urticaria.
- Swelling (Angioedema): In addition to welts on the surface of the skin, some individuals with urticaria may experience deeper swelling, known as angioedema. Angioedema can affect areas such as the eyes, lips, and tongue and may cause a more pronounced, sometimes painful swelling.
- Red or Skin-Colored Bumps: The welts can be red or skin-colored and may have a pale center. They are typically surrounded by an area of redness.
- Burning Sensation: Some individuals may experience a burning or stinging sensation in addition to itching.
- Multiple or Singular Lesions: Urticaria can manifest as singular welts or multiple lesions across different areas of the body.
- Transient Nature: The symptoms of urticaria are often transient, with individual welts typically lasting for a short duration before resolving. However, new welts may continue to appear.
It's important to note that urticaria can be acute or chronic. Acute urticaria typically lasts for a short duration, often a few hours to a few weeks, and is often related to allergic reactions. Chronic urticaria persists for six weeks or more and may have various triggers, including autoimmune factors.
Urticaria, commonly known as hives, can be caused by various factors, and the triggers can vary from person to person. The underlying cause of urticaria is the release of histamine and other chemicals from specialized cells in the skin, leading to the characteristic red, raised welts and itching. Here are some common causes of urticaria:
- Foods: Common food allergens such as nuts, shellfish, eggs, and certain fruits.
- Medications: Some medications, including antibiotics, pain relievers (like aspirin or ibuprofen), and certain blood pressure medications.
- Insect Stings or Bites: Bee stings, wasp stings, or bites from other insects.
- Stress: Emotional stress or anxiety can trigger urticaria or exacerbate existing symptoms.
- Physical Factors: Exposure to physical factors such as heat, cold, pressure, or sunlight can cause urticaria. Dermatographism, a form of physical urticaria, is characterized by welts forming in response to pressure on the skin.
- Exercise: In some cases, physical activity or exercise can induce urticaria.
- Viral or Bacterial Infections: Infections, especially viral infections like the common cold or bacterial infections, can be associated with the development of urticaria.
- Chronic Autoimmune Urticaria: In some cases, chronic urticaria may have autoimmune components where the immune system mistakenly attacks the body's own tissues.
Underlying Health Conditions:
- Thyroid Disorders: Conditions affecting the thyroid, such as hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism.
- Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE): An autoimmune disease that can be associated with urticaria.
Contact with Substances:
- Latex: Contact with latex products can trigger an allergic reaction leading to urticaria.
- Certain Plants: Contact with certain plants, such as poison ivy, can cause urticaria in susceptible individuals.
- Hereditary Angioedema (HAE): A rare genetic condition that can cause recurrent episodes of swelling, sometimes associated with urticaria.
Food Additives and Preservatives:
- Certain food additives and preservatives may trigger urticaria in some individuals.
It's important to note that in many cases of urticaria, the exact cause may not be identified. Additionally, acute urticaria (lasting for a short duration) and chronic urticaria (lasting for six weeks or more) may have different underlying causes.
The treatment of urticaria, commonly known as hives, involves addressing the symptoms and identifying and managing the underlying cause when possible. Treatment options may vary depending on the severity and duration of urticaria. Here are common approaches to treating urticaria:
- First-Line Treatment: Non-sedating antihistamines, such as cetirizine, loratadine, or fexofenadine, are often the first-line treatment for urticaria. They help block the effects of histamine, the chemical responsible for the symptoms of hives.
- Prescription Strength: If over-the-counter antihistamines are insufficient, a healthcare professional may prescribe second-generation antihistamines at higher doses to control symptoms.
- Short-Term Use: In severe cases or during acute flare-ups, oral or injected corticosteroids may be prescribed for a short duration to quickly reduce inflammation and symptoms.
- Anaphylaxis Response: For severe allergic reactions or anaphylaxis, an epinephrine injection may be necessary. Individuals with a history of anaphylaxis may carry an epinephrine auto-injector for emergency use.
Identifying and Avoiding Triggers:
- Allergen Avoidance: If a specific trigger is identified (e.g., a food, medication, or insect sting), avoiding that trigger is essential in preventing recurrent episodes.
- Local Symptom Relief: Applying cool compresses to the affected areas may help alleviate itching and reduce swelling.
Avoiding Aggravating Factors:
- Heat, Pressure, and Stress: Minimizing exposure to factors that can exacerbate urticaria, such as extreme heat or cold, pressure on the skin, and emotional stress.
Anti-Itch Creams or Lotions:
- Topical Relief: Over-the-counter anti-itch creams or lotions containing ingredients like calamine or menthol may provide temporary relief.
- Chronic Urticaria: In cases of chronic urticaria that do not respond to conventional treatments, immunosuppressive drugs may be considered.
- UV Light Exposure: Phototherapy, or exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light under controlled conditions, may be used for certain types of urticaria.
Counseling or Stress Management:
- Psychological Support: In cases where stress is identified as a trigger, counseling or stress management techniques may be beneficial.
It's important to note that the specific treatment plan will depend on the individual case, and consulting with a healthcare professional is crucial for proper diagnosis and management. If urticaria is severe or if there are signs of anaphylaxis (such as difficulty breathing or swelling of the face and throat), emergency medical attention is necessary. Chronic cases may require ongoing management and monitoring by a healthcare provider.
Doctor In India for Treatment of Urticaria
If you are seeking treatment for urticaria (hives) in India, it is recommended to consult with a dermatologist or an allergist / immunologist. These specialists have expertise in diagnosing and treating skin conditions and allergic reactions, which are often associated with urticaria.
Here are general steps you can take to find a doctor for the treatment of urticaria in India:
- Visit a Local Clinic or Hospital: You can start by visiting a local clinic or hospital. General practitioners or family medicine doctors may be able to provide initial guidance and may refer you to a specialist if needed.
- Consult with a Dermatologist: Dermatologists specialize in skin conditions, and they commonly diagnose and treat urticaria. You can schedule an appointment with a dermatologist for a comprehensive evaluation.
- Consult with an Allergist/Immunologist: If your urticaria is suspected to have an allergic component, or if it is chronic and difficult to manage, consulting with an allergist or immunologist may be beneficial. These specialists can perform allergy testing and assess immune system-related factors.
- Use Online Platforms: Many online platforms and healthcare directories provide information about doctors and specialists. You can use these platforms to search for dermatologists or allergists in your city or region.
- Ask for Recommendations: Seek recommendations from friends, family, or colleagues who may have had positive experiences with dermatologists or allergists. Personal recommendations can be valuable in finding a reliable healthcare professional.
- Use Online Healthcare Portals: There are several online healthcare portals in India where you can search for doctors based on specialization, location, and patient reviews. Some popular platforms include Practo, Lybrate, or Portea.
- Visit Government Hospitals or Medical Colleges: Government hospitals and medical colleges often have experienced specialists. Visiting a government healthcare facility can be a cost-effective option.
Recommend Doctor In India for Treatment of Urticaria
1. Dr. Nivedita Dadu
Dr. Nivedita Dadu, Skin Specialist in Delhi Founder and Chairman at Dadu Medical Centre Rajouri Garden, (West Delhi) & Vasant Vihar, (South Delhi).
Dr. Nivedita Dadu is a Skin Specialist in Delhi and Homeopathy Doctor In India, who has done her MBBS from the prestigious Maulana Azad Medical College and Lok Nayak Hospital, New Delhi. Later, she pursued her Post-Graduation and Senior Residency in Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprosy at Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, one of the country's premier hospitals.
During her tenure of 8 years at Safdarjung Hospital, she worked extensively in the out-patient and in-patient departments of Dermatology for the management of all skin disorders, dermato-surgical procedures, and cosmetic dermatology. She was actively involved in clinical research and academics at the hospital.
Dr. Nivedita is also associated with various reputed dermatology clinics in Delhi. She has a vast experience of treating patients with all kind of skin and hair disorders and is definitely a master of cosmetic dermatology treatments. She Is Practicing at Rajouri Garden, West Delhi and Vasant Vihar, South Delhi.
Address : J-12/25, 1st Floor, Block J, Rajouri Garden Extension, Rajouri Garden, New Delhi, Delhi, 110027, India
Phone No : 09810939319
Email ID : [email protected]
Website : https://www.drniveditadadu.com/
2. Dr Kandhari
“Dr Kandhari’s Skin & Dental Clinic” is one of the eminent centers providing skin and dental care since the past five decades. We go back to the year 1960, when Late Prof.KC Kandhari (B.Sc., MBBS, DTM, MRCP, FAMS, FRCP) established and headed the 1st Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprosy at All-India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), which carried out formal post graduate teaching at New Delhi.
Dr KC Kandhari attained the status of a father figure and a legend in the specialty of Indian Dermatology. He is the only Asian till date to have received the “Castellani-Reiss Medal” from the International Society of Dermatology. He has and always will be a great source of inspiration in our mission to work with compassion and integrity and give our patients the best care possible.
Today, Dr Kandhari’s Skin & Dental Clinic has 2 state of the art centers in South Delhi (Vasant Vihar and Greater Kailash -1) and one center in Central Delhi (Daryaganj). Dr. Sanjiv Kandhari, MD (AIIMS) and Dr. Rajat Kandhari, MD cater to all your dermatology needs and Dr. Gargi B Kandhari and Dr Priyanka Basu handle the dental set up.
Address : S-79, Greater Kailash Part-1,New Delhi (South Delhi) - 110048
Landmark - M Block Market, GK - 1
Phone No : 9315479193
Email ID : [email protected]
Website : https://www.drkandhariclinic.com/
3. Dr. Keerthana Kalva
Dr. Keerthana Kalva, specialist in Dermatology and Medical Aesthetics, is an expert in the systemic management of cosmetic issues and is a strong advocate of lifestyle management for skincare. She is a graduate of the Deccan College of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, and is a specialist in clinical and cosmetic dermatology. Her patient’s positive testimonials fuel her and she works along with the client to ensure that the end result is in line with their expectations.
A strong proponent of lifestyle management for skincare, she also specializes in laser application for hair loss, skin rejuvenation, and mesotherapy. Dr. Keerthana Kalva, skin doctor in Hyderabad is fun and vivacious and loves to give her patients as much one-on-one time as possible.
As a leading Homeopathy Doctor in Hyderabad, Dr. Keerthana continuously strives to provide world class treatment to all her patients with utmost precision and safety. Get the magical transformation, confident look, and youthful appearance contact with the top dermatologist in Hyderabad only at Inform Clinics.
Address : 3rd floor, Park View, Adjacent to CVR Health, Road Number 1,
Jubilee Hills, Hyderabad - 500033
Phone No : +91-7272872721
Email ID : [email protected]
Website : https://www.drkeerthanakalva.com/
4. Dr. Rajat Kandhari
Dr. Rajat Kandhari is considered as one of the most promising and talented skin & hair specialists in Delhi, India amongst his peers and industry experts. Dr. Rajat has always had a keen eye for details, and this artistic side of his reflects in his work on the face.
His patients love him for his keenness to provide them with results which preserve the gracefulness of the face. “People want natural results, they want to look fresher and younger in a manner which is subtle and not in your face” says, Dr. Rajat.
His passion and vision has led to the formation of “Veya Aesthetics” wherein Dr. Rajat and his team follow a methodical, graded and step by step technique for improving features of the face, thereby maintaining a natural and soft look, which is noticeable but not obvious. “At Veya Aesthetics we strive to restore the balance and harmony of the face by working on its shape and contours to provide our patients with natural results and a gorgeous face.”, says Dr. Rajat.
Address : S-79, Greater Kailash Part-1, New Delhi – 110048
Phone No : 9315479193
Email ID : [email protected]
Website : https://www.drrajatkandhari.com/
5. Dr. Satish Erra
Dr. Satish Erra is one of the best homeopathy doctor in Hyderabad, Dermatologist, and Sexologist in Hyderabad and has an experience of 13 years in these fields. He completed BHMS from Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Karnataka in 2009, Diploma in Dermatology from Indian Institute of Alternative Medicine in 2011 and Diploma in Gastroenterology from Indian Institute of Alternative Medicine in 2012.
He is a member of Central Council of Homeopathy and Indian Homoeopathic Medical Association.
Homeopathy is known to heal the disease from its root which could take a long time in case of Chronic diseases like Diabetes, BP, Thyroid, Joint Pains treatment without any knee replacement surgery, acne and pimples treatment etc. Dr Satish Erra’s aim is to heal his patients in the shortest possible time as he understands that in this modern age with the ever-changing trends in lifestyles, time is the only absolute and most precious commodity.
Hence he has developed his unique way of relieving patients of their suffering from the core while maintaining the good old efficacy of homeopathy.
In this pursuit, Dr Satish Erra has celebrated the happiness of hundreds of his cured patients and their families in treating many acute diseases; like Fevers, may it be malaria, Typhoid, Chikungunya, Dengue etc. Or it be COVID, Influenza pandemic diseases; in the shortest possible treatment times ranging from hours upto a couple of days for his patients from various age groups right from infants to 80+ and became a Family Doctor for them and always praised by his patients as the Best Homeopathy Doctor in Hyderabad.
Address : Door No. 2-5, Prashanthi Arcade, New Nagole Main Rd, next to South Indian Bank, Maruthi Nagar, Kothapet, Hyderabad, Telangana 500060
Phone No : 96404 44009
Email ID : [email protected]
Website : https://drsatisherrahomeo.com/
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about Urticaria:
What is urticaria?
Urticaria, commonly known as hives, is a skin condition characterized by the sudden appearance of red, raised welts on the skin. These welts are often itchy and can vary in size and shape.
What causes urticaria?
Urticaria can be caused by various factors, including allergic reactions (to foods, medications, insect stings), non-allergic triggers (such as stress or physical factors), infections, autoimmune factors, and underlying health conditions.
Are there different types of urticaria?
Yes, urticaria can be categorized into acute (lasting a few hours to a few weeks) and chronic (lasting six weeks or more). Chronic urticaria may have autoimmune components.
What are the common symptoms of urticaria?
Common symptoms include raised red welts, itching, variable appearance of welts, and, in some cases, swelling known as angioedema.
How is urticaria diagnosed?
Diagnosis involves a medical history review, physical examination, and sometimes allergy testing or blood tests to identify triggers or underlying causes.
What is the treatment for urticaria?
Treatment may include antihistamines to alleviate symptoms, corticosteroids for severe cases, and identifying and avoiding triggers. In chronic cases, immunosuppressive drugs may be considered.
Can stress trigger urticaria?
Yes, stress is recognized as a potential trigger for urticaria. Emotional stress can exacerbate symptoms or contribute to the development of hives.
Can urticaria be life-threatening?
While urticaria itself is usually not life-threatening, severe allergic reactions associated with hives, known as anaphylaxis, can be life-threatening and require emergency medical attention.
Can urticaria be cured?
The duration and course of urticaria can vary. Acute urticaria may resolve on its own or with treatment, while chronic urticaria may require ongoing management. Identifying and managing underlying causes is key.
Is urticaria contagious?
No, urticaria is not contagious. It is an immune or allergic response triggered by various factors and is not transmitted from person to person.
Can children get urticaria?
Yes, children can develop urticaria. It may be associated with allergic reactions, infections, or other triggers.
Should I seek medical attention for urticaria?
It is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional, especially if symptoms are severe, persistent, or if there are signs of anaphylaxis, such as difficulty breathing or swelling of the face and throat.
Remember, these answers are for informational purposes, and individual cases may vary. Always consult with a healthcare professional for personalized advice and treatment.